Mange Treatment eGuide

 

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This is is Fresia, (above) and she's one of the lucky dogs who received proper care and treatment for demodectic mange
from the wonderful people at Amazon CARES.
http://www.flickr.com/photos/amazoncares/ / CC BY 2.0

Fresia is an example of what can happen if your dog is left to deal with mange on his or her own. Mange is an extremely itchy and painful condition, which can lead to severe hair loss, weight loss, skin infections and inflammation, skin damage and raw and bleeding flesh.

Unfortunately for a lot of dogs chained and forgotten in the backyard, the agony of mange becomes the only reality they know. Even worse, to save money some are treated with dangerous chemicals that can kill. Household bleach, used car oil, diesel and gasoline are just a few mange home remedies that DO NOT WORK.


Some of the popular home remedies being touted for mange absolutely do not work, and some such as household bleach can be dangerous, if not deadly, to animals with mange.

Mange comes in many forms, but the most common affecting your pet are Demodectic, Sarcoptic, Notoedric, Cheyletiellosis and Ear Mites.

Demodectic Mange:

Demodetic mange occurs because of a low or compromised immune system and is NOT contagious. Demodectic mange mites burrow 3-5 dermal layers deep and attack the hair follicles so sometimes this type of mange is called follicular mange. Other names are puppy mange, red mange, demodex, or hereditary mange. Dogs with demodetic mites will experience minimum to major hair loss, loss of appetite, become lethargic and will usually drink more water.

The microscopic mange mite usually shows up in all puppies, but mostly on puppies from 6 weeks to over one year of age. And in older animals that may have gotten a weaken immune system from age, vaccinations, shots, trauma or stress. Most people don't understand how sensitive dogs are and they can and will actually pick up on the stress going on in our personal lives.

These can trigger bouts of demodectic mange causing a very slow or rapid amount of hair loss. The minute eight legged bloodsuckers will appear in the pores causing localized infestation in the beginning (if left untreated, these areas can quickly become "generalized" making it a far more serious condition to treat). Veterinarian and medical treatments are very costly and take months to treat with poisons and insecticides.

We believe if you are treating mange caused by an immune system deficiency, the last thing you want to do is administer poisons or harmful insecticides to further compromise the animal's health. You should be very cautious if the demodectic mange mites have caused open lesions. Does it make sense to pour poison onto open sores? With progressive demodectic mange, there is usually a characteristic smell - sort of a "wet puppy dog" smell - this is due to a bacterial or staph infection. Our Therapeutic Shampoo will kill the infection and take away that foul smell!

Veterinarians can usually diagnose demodex just by looking, although a skin scraping will give a more definite diagnosis. The itch, although not quite as severe as that caused by the toxins from sarcoptic mites, can be intense (or there can be no itching at all), and many times demodex can cause that severe secondary bacterial infections, not only from the infected pores, but from the abused skin from the dog scratching itself.

Unlike the mites that bite and live off the blood of the dog, the mites that cause demodex don't bite and they don't consume blood from the animal. They live in skin pores and hair follicles and literally feed on the skin and hair oil they find there.

Demodectic mange ("demodex") may well be one of the most common ailments found in dogs and puppies today; and due to the poor breeding practiced by many breeders and the horrors of puppy mills, it is spreading at an alarming rate. Demodex is a genetic flaw. It can be treated successfully, but it's not merely a case of getting rid of the mite.

It's an absolute fact that demodectic mange is an immune problem, making it more complicated to treat. Underlying causes that weaken the immune system and make your pet more susceptible to mange include: heartworm, cancer, hypothyroidism and chronic use of cortisone. Some unfortunate dogs and cats inherit a predisposition to demodicosis.

Younger pets as a general rule will respond quicker to treatment than adult pets. A poorly bred 'purebred' is much more apt to develop this kind of skin problem than a mixed breed - although any animal with an inherently poor immune system can get demodex. It's also possible that an animal that's been abused or malnourished may also be very prone to demodex because the immune system hasn't been able to properly develop.

Demodectic mange is NOT contagious or dangerous to dogs, other animals or humans. It's only a problem to the animal with a weak or poorly developed immune system! Remember, the problem is, in reality, an immune problem caused by the animal's inability to deal with a toxin in the waste left over after the mite feeds on skin oil. The over infestation of mites are the RESULT.

We believe a dogs' immune systems isn't fully developed until they are around 18 months to 2 years old and it's not unusual to see a dog not show symptoms of demodex until it is several months old. Many breeds of dogs are born with a lowered immune system making them more susceptible.

All breeds are born with it, some that are more susceptible: Pit Bulls, Sheepdogs, Dobermans, Boxers, Shar-Peis, Shih-tzus, Lhasa Apsos, Rottweillers and Collies just to name a few.

If this is the second or third bout of mange that you are dealing with, you need to discover the underlying cause that has made it reoccur. Stress is a major cause, but understand that keeping the immune system strong is something that has to be a priority. Vitamins, good food, exercise and a low-key lifestyle are 4 good factors to concentrate on.

We recommend the Demodectic Mange Pack (top right) because it supplies you with vitamins to help build the immune system, therapeutic shampoo to take care of the secondary infection (usually after the first bath!) and the mange mud to kill the mange mites.

We have made our mud a little more concentrated to give you a little more bang for your buck. If you find the mud is too thick, just add olive oil. The amount of olive oil will depend on the consistency you want for the areas. Smaller affected areas can handle a thicker mud, but remember if you use too much it will just dry up, cake off and you will have wasted product. The smoother the better…

Our pet vitamins are potent natural organic supplements providing your pet with all the nutritional elements needed to stay active, alert and vigorous. While boosting the immune system you are helping him/her have a faster recovery. Our vitamins will insure optimum health for dogs or cats.

We also offer Neem Powder to boost the immune system and put neem into the bloodstream. Neem oil should be used on Shar-pei's skin and wrinkles to keep the infection out of the deep crevices. Shar-pei's often suffer from an autoimmune disease and shouldn't take neem powder internally. Do not put neem powder on any animal's food that is nursing, pregnant or trying to get pregnant. Neem is a natural contraceptive!


Sarcoptic Mange

Sarcoptic mange mites are highly contagious to other pets and humans. Please realize they can't be eradicated overnight because you are dealing with adults, their eggs and mating cycles. Mites mate, then the female burrows under the top layer of skin to lay her eggs. The eggs hatch and six-legged larvae emerge. These larvae feed and molt to the eight-legged nymph stage.

Later, after feeding, the nymphs molt and become adult male or female mites. This entire life cycle can take as little as eight days to as long as four weeks, depending on the species of mite, the temperature and humidity. Also the status of the dog's immune system plays a factor as the weaker the animal, the easier it will be for the mites to dominate.

To explain why sarcoptic mange can get out of hand quickly, the pregnant female sarcoptic mites burrow into the skin and form a tunnel over an inch deep where she feeds on lymph fluid (a clear body fluid). She lays 40-50 eggs in the burrow and then dies. Tiny six-legged larvae hatch, leave the females' burrow and start to move all over the animal's body.

The larvae form new burrows in the skin, where they feed and molt to two successive nymphal stages. The nymphs may also move and make new tunnels. Nymphs molt and become adult male or females, which molt and start the process all over again. Now, the vicious cycles have begun!

The male sarcoptic mites basically run on top of the dog's skin surface biting, injecting their poisons or toxins, while the females burrow into the dog's skin to lay her eggs. About the time the eggs hatch the female has died, but by now there are plenty of other mites to take her place.

Sarcoptic mites cause INTENSE itching and even dermatitis. Scratching, gnawing & biting will cause baldness in large patches (sometimes the entire dog can go bald) and the inflamed skin is then a breeding ground for secondary bacterial infections. The bacterial or staph infections will cause a "wet dog" smell or other "foul" odors.

Some customers say even after a bath the dog will start to smell within hours. Vets will usually prescribe an antibiotic for this infection but our Therapeutic Shampoo will treat even the worst infections - most after the first or second bath. The skin may appear almost bruised and leather-like, often compared to elephant type skin. However, after our treatment the skin will become normal and healthy hair will grow back normally.

You should even start to see new spurts of hair growing within 2 weeks! Remember hair cannot grow on unhealthy skin so killing mange mites and repairing damaged skin is a priority.

Sarcoptic mange mites can be difficult to diagnose specifically because the females are burrowed into the skin and the males are literally too fast to be caught by a skin scraping. Veterinary rule of thumb is usually "if it's suspected, treat for it." However, it is not uncommon for a dog to have sarcoptic mange and another kind of mange at the same time. That can make it doubly hard to identify, diagnose and treat.

While your pet is being treated with our Mange Cream, you will want to make sure the mites are eradicated in your home and their sleeping/play areas as well. Sarcoptic mites have a life cycle of about 3 weeks on the host, and can hide in pillows, cushions, carpeting and even your bedding.

So, if your pet has sarcoptic mites, you need to separate them from other animals (don't forget they are HIGHLY contagious) and keep them off surfaces or fabrics that might provide safe harbor for mites. We provide an extensive protocol for eradicating mites from your home!

Science shows a live mite can live up to 72 hours or more off the host, and CAN be picked back up - causing the chain reaction all over again.

All bedding (including your bedding especially if you touch the animal or have a rash and itch yourself) should be washed in HOT SOAPY water (130 degrees) with Borax and dried on HIGH HEAT (130-140 degrees; usually this is your 'cotton' setting on the dryer) to kill them. Sprinkling with DE (diatomaceous earth - food grade only) and using our Hospital Grade Disinfectant will kill the mites in the environment and prevent re-infestation.

We have two packages for sarcoptic mange. One is with Neem and one is with Mange Mud. The biggest differences are in the applications. Neem is applied every day 1-2 times a day. It is an oil so if you are dealing with large spots or more than 50% of the animal, you probably want to use the Neem. Plus, as a bonus, if you have a rash or itch yourself, Neem is the perfect product to use on yourself. We don't sell the same product with a different label (one for pets and one for humans) like some companies do - and those same companies will normally charge more for the human version.

If you are not experiencing any side effects (rash and itch) from sarcoptic mange and have caught it in the early stages - less than 20% of active areas - and the spots are not very large, the Mange Mud would be the perfect product. It is made with sulfur, neem and karanja oils and tends to be a little gritty. We advise customers to add olive oil to get the consistency you desire. Our mange mud is pretty concentrated (the main cause of the grittiness) and if you dilute it with a lot of olive oil, just remember you'll probably need to reapply more often (i.e. every 2 days, not 3).

Both of the packages will contain the environmental products - Diatomaceous Earth and disinfectant.


Notoedric Mange:

Notoedric Mange mites are similar in appearance to Sarcoptic Mange mites. Notoedres cati is the primary cause of mange in cats. It will also infect dogs but will not live a full life cycle on humans (but will cause itching and possible rash).

Also known as 'face mange', the infection usually begins at the tips of the ears, progresses over the face and, if untreated, will move over to the whole body. If your cat suffers from severe itching or hair loss on the head and neck you should consider having her examined for the notoedric mange mite.

The female mite burrows into the skin and lays eggs several times as she continues burrowing. These tunnels can actually reach the length of several centimeters. After she deposits the eggs, the female mite dies. In 3-8 days the eggs hatch into larvae which have 6 legs. The larvae mature into nymphs which have 8 legs. The nymph then molts into an adult while it is still in the burrow. The adults mate, and the process continues. The entire life cycle requires 2-3 weeks.

The symptoms usually start with hair loss and itching on the ears spreading rapidly to the face, eyelids and neck. The mites can also spread to the feet and lower abdomen. This characteristic spread probably occurs from the cat's habit of grooming, and sleeping curled up in a ball.

As the disease progresses the skin will become thickened, wrinkled and covered with grayish/yellow crusts. Because of the intense itching the infected cat will often scratch and irritate the skin causing secondary infections to develop. The surrounding lymph nodes may also become enlarged as the problem worsens.

We have formulated a mange treatment especially for cats in the column to the right. It does not contain any essential oils, which can be harmful to felines.


Cheyletiellosis:

Cheyletiellosis, or Walking Dandruff, is contagious and very itchy like sarcoptic mange. The reason it's called Walking Dandruff is because the white scaly skin actually looks like it's moving! The only way to know which type of mange you are dealing with is to have a skin scraping done at your vet's office.

Just like sarcoptic mange, the environment has to be treated to prevent re-infestation. If you even suspect your dog has this type of mange, separate all animals and use caution when you personally touch the animal or bedding. Wash all bedding, fabrics and clothing in hot soapy water (130 degrees), add borax to your regular detergent, dry everything on the hottest heat cycle on your dryer (130-140 degrees, usually your 'cotton' setting). If you cannot wash and dry particular things, either dry clean, cover with plastic or sprinkle DE lightly.

Symptoms in animals vary from no signs to intense itching, scales on the skin, and hair loss. The lesions are usually on the backbone area of the animal. Symptoms in humans include multiple red, itchy bumps on the arms, trunk, and buttocks. Because humans are an irregular host for the mite, the symptoms usually go away in about three weeks. The cheyletiella mite can live it's entire life cycle of 21 days on one host.

Everyday Solutions Rx has the natural treatments for treating the environment AND the pet (or people) to tackle it from all areas. Our neem oil can be used to treat the animals and yourself so you don't have to purchase multiple products to take care of the problem. If you choose not to treat yourself, the symptoms will usually go away in about three weeks but as long as the pet has cheyletiellosis you will be constantly re-infected.


Ear Mange Or Ear Mites:

Ear mites cause ear mange. This is a pretty minor type of mange, but if left untreated it can cause all sorts of issues including partial deafness from the swelling of the inner ear tissues.

It is pretty much confined to the ear/ear canal area, but actually these mites can eventually spread to other parts of the body. Easily diagnosed, it sort of looks like 'coffee grounds' or dirt inside the ear, which is actually the remnants of dried blood. Or you may find 'fresh' blood in the ear canal from scratching.

Ear mites can cause some significant discomfort and a lot of head-shaking and scratching and must be treated to avoid significant secondary infection problems that can include hearing loss. You can use our Mange Cream for Ear Mites. Click the picture in the column to the right or the link to grab a jar for only 34.95.


Hotspots:

Some people think their dog has mange but it could be a case of Hotspots. Hotspots are also known as summer sores or moist eczema. Hotspots are more common in dogs and can spontaneously appear any place on its body while spreading rapidly.

This moist, raw skin disorder has a variety of causes but the most consistent factor is bacteria. Anything that irritates or breaks the skin can create the environment for bacterial contamination if the skin surface has just a bit of moisture on it. That's why Hotspots may take two weeks to heal while large areas of the skin may need to be shaved to keep them dry and clean.

Our Soothing Hotspot Spray is formulated to relieve hot spots, itching and soothe irritated areas.It stops your pet licking and biting at skin irritations and contains NO steroids. Regularly $34.95, you can get an 8oz bottle from this eguide for only 29.95. Add to Cart


EMU Skin Care Cream is a non-oily, non-staining cream with Vitamin E and EMU oil. It's used with great results on mite infestation skin problems such as dry, flaky skin; hot spots, fungus and abrasions. It heals, protects and provides immediate relief from itching, burning and the pain associated with dermal, viral & fungal infections.

Emu oil PENETRATES immediately, encases the problem and heals your pet's skin quickly from the INSIDE OUT while promoting good hair growth.

A 4oz bottle is regularly 19.95 but we have it on special at 14.95...or click here to get an 8oz bottle for only 24.95.

NOTE: This product will NOT actually kill the mites themselves, but helps heal the damage they do.


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No Muss, No Fuss, Non Toxic Natural Mange Treatments

 

Demodectic Mange
Treatment Kit


Sarcoptic Mange
Treatment Kit with Neem

16oz disinfectant
32oz DE
8oz Organic Neem Shampoo
8oz Organic Neem Oil
2oz Organic Neem Powder to boost the immune system. Will treat 1-3 animals with mild to medium Mange.
Safe for people too!


Sarcoptic Mange
Kit with Mange Cream

Same ingredients in the kit above, except you get Mange Cream instead of  Neem oil and Neem powder. Everything you need to treat the environment and your pet...even yourself. Not for CATS!


Notoedric Mange
Treatment Kit

This one is for CATS!

 

Mange Mud Mange Cream


 

Hot Spot Spray
 


 


EMU Skin Care Cream


 

 

 

 

 Mange  l  Mange FAQ  l  Demodectic Mange  l  Sarcoptic Mange  l  Notoedric Mange  l  Cheyletiellosis  l  Ear Mites


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