Mange eGuide

 

Sarcoptic mange mites can’t be eradicated overnight because you are dealing with adults, their eggs and mating cycles.  Mites mate, then the female burrows to lay her eggs.  The eggs hatch and six-legged larvae emerge.  These larvae feed and molt to the eight-legged nymph stage.  Later, after feeding, the nymphs molt and become adult male or female mites.  This entire life cycle can take as little as eight days to as long as four weeks, depending on the species of mite, the temperature and humidity. 

Pregnant female sarcoptic mites burrow into the skin and form a tunnel over an inch deep where she feeds on lymph fluid (a clear body fluid).  She lays 40-50 eggs in the burrow and then dies.  Tiny six-legged larvae hatch, leave the females’ burrow and start to move all over the animal’s body.  The larvae form new burrows in the skin, where they feed and molt to two succeeding nymphal stages.  The nymphs may also move and make new tunnels.  Nymphs molt and become adult male or females, which molt and start the process all over again. 

The male sarcoptic mites essentially run on the dog’s skin surface biting, injecting their poisons/toxins, while the females burrow into the dog’s skin to lay their eggs.  About the time the eggs hatch the female dies.  Sarcoptic mites cause INTENSE itching and even dermatitis.  Scratching, gnawing & biting will cause baldness in large patches (sometimes the entire dog can go bald) and the inflamed skin is then a breeding ground for secondary bacterial infections.  The skin may appear almost bruised and leather-like.  However, after our treatment the skin will become normal and healthy hair will grow back normally. 

Sarcoptic mange mites can be difficult to diagnose specifically because the females are burrowed into the skin and the males are literally too fast to be caught by a skin scraping.  Veterinary rule of thumb is usually “if it’s suspected, treat for it.”  However, it is not uncommon for a dog to have sarcoptic mange and another kind of mange at the same time. 

That can make it doubly hard to identify, diagnose and treat.

While your pet is being treated with our Mange Cream, you will want to make sure the mites are eradicated in your home and their sleeping/play areas as well.  Sarcoptic mites have a life cycle of about 3 weeks, and can hide in pillows, cushions, carpeting and even your bedding.  So, if your pet has sarcoptic mites, you may need to segregate them from other animals (don’t forget they are HIGHLY contagious) and keep them off surfaces that might "house" mites.  A live mite CAN be picked back up causing the chain reaction again.  All bedding (including your bedding) should be washed in HOT SOAPY water with Borax and dried on HIGH HEAT to kill them.  Sprinkling with DE (diatomaceous earth - food grade only) and using our Pet’s Disinfectant will kill the mites and prevent re-infestation.

Demodetic mange mites burrow 3-5 layers deep and attack the hair follicles.  Dogs with demodetic mites will experience major hair loss and lowered immune systems.  The microscopic mange mite usually shows up in all puppies, but mostly puppies from 6 weeks to over one year of age.  The minute eight legged bloodsuckers will appear in the pores causing localized infestation in the beginning (if left untreated, these areas can quickly become "generalized" making it a far more serious condition to treat).  Veterinarian and medical treatments are very costly and take months to treat with poisons and insectcides

With Demodectic mange, there is usually a characteristic smell - sort of a “wet puppy dog” smell.  Veterinarians can usually diagnose demodex just by looking, although a skin scraping will give a more definite diagnosis.  The itch, although not quite as severe as that caused by the toxins from sarcoptic mites, can be intense (or there can be no itching at all), and many times demodex can cause severe secondary bacterial infections, not only from the infected pores, but from the abused skin from the dog scratching itself. 

Unlike the mites that bite and live off the blood of the dog, the mites that cause demodex don’t bite and they don't consume blood from the animal.  They live in skin pores and hair follicles and literally feed on the skin and hair oil they find there. 

Demodectic mange (“demodex”) may well be one of the most common ailments found in dogs and puppies today; and due to the poor breeding practiced by many breeders and the horrors of puppy mills, it is spreading at an alarming rate.  Demodex is a genetic flaw.  It can be treated successfully, but it's not merely a case of getting rid of the mite.  It’s an absolute fact that demodectic mange is an immune problem, making it more complicated to treat.  Underlying causes that weaken the immune system and make your pet more susceptible to mange include: heartworm, cancer, hypothyroidism and chronic use of cortisone.

Some unfortunate dogs and cats inherit a predisposition to demodicosis. Younger pets as a general rule will respond quicker to treatment than adult pets.

A poorly bred ‘purebred’ is much more apt to develop this kind of skin problem than a mixed breed - although any animal with an inherently poor immune system can get demodex.  It’s also possible that an animal that’s been abused or malnourished may also be very prone to demodex because the immune system hasn’t been able to properly develop.

Demodectic mange is NOT contagious or dangerous to dogs, other animals or humans.  It’s only a problem to the animal with a weak or poorly developed immune system!  Actually, the problem is, in reality, an immune problem caused by the animal’s inability to deal with a toxin in the waste left over after the mite feeds on skin oil.

Dogs’ immune systems aren’t fully developed until they are around 18 months to 2 years old and it’s not unusual to see a dog not show symptoms of demodex until it is several months old. Many breeds of dogs are born with a lowered immune system making them more susceptible. All breeds are born with it, just some are more susceptible.  Sheepdogs, Dobermans, Boxers, Shar-Peis, Shih-tzus, Lhasa Apsos, Rottweillers and Collies just to name a few, are the most likely to have demodetic mites. 

If this is the second or third bout of mange that you are dealing with, you need to discover the underlying cause that has made it reoccur.  Stress is a major cause, but understand that keeping the immune system strong is something that has to be a priority.  Vitamins, good food and a low-key lifestyle are 3 good factors to concentrate on.  Your pet's immune system is usually compromised either by having mange mites, a bacterial infection, past medication that hasn't worked, and/or lack of good health.

Our pet vitamins - Pet Vites - are potent natural organic supplements providing your pet with all the nutritional elements needed to stay active, alert and vigorous.  While boosting the immune system you are helping him/her have a faster recovery.  Our vitamins will insure optimum health.  

Notoedric Mange mites are similar in appearance to Sarcoptic Mange mites.  Notoedres cati is the primary cause of mange in cats.  It will also infect dogs, but  will not live a full life cycle on humans, but will cause itching and possible rash.  Also known as 'face mange’, the infection usually begins at the tips of the ears, progresses over the face and, if untreated, over the body.  If your cat suffers from severe itching or hair loss on the head and neck you should consider having her examined for the notoedric mange mite. 

The female mite burrows into the skin and lays eggs several times as she continues burrowing. These tunnels can actually reach the length of several centimeters. After she deposits the eggs, the female mite dies. In 3-8 days the eggs hatch into larvae which have 6 legs. The larvae mature into nymphs which have 8 legs. The nymph then molts into an adult while it is still in the burrow. The adults mate, and the process continues. The entire life cycle requires 2-3 weeks.

The symptoms usually start with hair loss and itching on the ears spreading rapidly to the face, eyelids and neck. The mites can also spread to the feet and lower abdomen. This characteristic spread probably occurs from the cat's habit of grooming, and sleeping curled up in a ball. As the disease progresses the skin will become thickened, wrinkled and covered with grayish/yellow crusts. Because of the intense itching the infected cat will often scratch and irritate the skin causing secondary infections to develop. The surrounding lymph nodes may also become enlarged as the problem worsens.

Some people think their dog has mange but it could be a case of Hotspots. Hotspots are also known as summer sores or moist eczema. Hotspots are more common in dogs and can spontaneously appear any place on its body while spreading rapidly. This moist, raw skin disorder has a variety of causes but the most consistent factor is bacteria. Anything that irritates or breaks the skin can create the environment for bacterial contamination if the skin surface has just a bit of moisture on it. That's why Hotspots may take two weeks to heal while large areas of the skin may need to be shaved to keep them dry and clean.

Everyday Solutions Rx is dedicated to providing you with solutions that battle disease on the front lines by attacking the microscopic parasites, viruses, bacteria and fungi that lead to disease and misery. Our formulas were developed to safely and effectively cure and protect you, your family and pets from many of today's parasites, bacteria, viruses and fungi. Our products have been proven in laboratory tests and field studies, as well as with current customers who can attest to their effectiveness.

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